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Doctoral Training Centre in Low Carbon Technologies

Student Publications

Title of Publication
2009 Cohort

The Influence of Traffic Conditions on Primary NO2Tailpipe Emissions and Road-Side Pollutant Concentrations

Katrina Adam, Victoria Hoolohan and James Gooding

Katrina Adam, Victoria Hoolohan, James Gooding, Thomas Knowland, Catherine S.E. Bale, Alison S. Tomlin, Methodologies for city-scale assessment of renewable energy generation potential to inform strategic energy infrastructure investment, Volume 54, May 2016, Pages 45–56, Cities, Energy and Climate Change Mitigation
Gemma Brady
A Case Study and Critical Assessment in Calculating Power Usage Effectiveness for a Data Centre (In Press)
Jamie Bright J.M Bright, O. Babacan, J. Kleissl, P.G. Taylor and R. Crook, A spatially correlating irradiance generator and application to an grid with high PV penetration, Solar Energy (under review)
Jamie Bright
and Chris Smith

J.M. Bright, C.J. Smith, P.G. Taylor and R. Crook, Stochastic generation of synthetic minutely irradiance time series derived from mean hourly weather observation data, Solar Energy, Volume 115, May 2015, Pages 229-242

C.J. Smith, J.M. Bright, and R. Crook, Cloud cover effect of clear-sky index distributions and differences between human and automatic cloud observations, Solar Energy (In press)

Ruth Bush
and David Jacques
Ramzi Cherad

Cherad, R., Onwudili, J.A., Ekpo, U., Williams, P.T., Lea-Langton, A. R., Carmargo-Valero, M. and Ross, A.B. (2013). Macroalgae supercritical water gasification combined with nutrient recycling for microalgae cultivation. Environ. Prog. Sustainable Energy. doi:10.1002/ep.11814 (2013)

Cherad, R., J. A. Onwudili, P. T. Williams, A. B. Ross. 2014. A parametric study on supercritical water gasification of Laminaria hyperborea: A carbohydrate-rich macroalga, Bioresource Technology, 169, 573-580

Cherad, R., J.A.,Onwudili, P.,Biller, P.T.,Williams, A.B.,Ross, (2016)Hydrogen production from the catalytic supercritical water gasification of process water generated from hydrothermal liquefaction of microalgae, Fuel, 166, 24-28, doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2015.10.08

Josh Cottom EL-KHOURY, P.Z., P. ABELLAN, Y. GONG, F.S. HAGE, J. COTTOM, A.G. JOLY, R. BRYDSON, Q.M. RAMASSE and W.P. HESS. Visualizing surface plasmons with photons, photoelectrons, and electrons. Analyst, 2016, 141(12), pp.3562-3572.
Lloyd Davies

Radcliffe, J., Taylor, P., Davies, L., Blyth, W. and Barbour, E., 2014. Energy storage in the UK and Korea: innovation, investment and co-operation. Centre for Low Carbon Futures.

Lloyd Davies
and Ray Edmunds
Edmunds, R., Davies, L., Deane, P. and Pourkashanian, M., 2015, Thermal power plant operating regimes in future British power systems with increasing variable renewable penetration. Energy Conversion and Management, 105(15), pp. 977–985.
Ben Dooley

Jones, J. M., Saddawi, A., Dooley, B., Mitchell, E. J. S., Werner, J., Waldron, D. J., Weatherstone, S. & Williams, A. (2015). Low temperature ignition of biomass. Fuel Processing Technology, 134, 372-377.

McNamee, P., Adams, P.W.R., McManus, M.C., Dooley, B., Darvell, L.I., Williams, A. & Jones, J.M. (2016) An assessment of the torrefaction of North American pine and life cycle greenhouse gas emissions. Energy Conversion and Management, 113, 177-188

Barton, J., Davies, L., Dooley, B., Foxon, T.J., Galloway, S., Hammond G.P., O’Grady, A., Robertson, E., & Thompson, M. Transition pathways for a UK low carbon electricity system: Comparing scenarios and technology implications. Working Paper 2013

Ray Edmunds
Holly Edwards

Edwards, H., Dixon-Hardy, D. Wadud, Z. 2015. Optimisation of Aircraft Cost Indices to Reduce Fuel Use. Transportation Research Board Conference Proceedings, January 18-22 2014, Washington D.C..

Edwards, H. Dixon-Hardy, D., Wadud, Z. 2014. High-Speed Rail in the UK: Air-Rail Partnerships for Carbon Curtailment? Transportation Research Board 93rd Annual Meeting Conference Proceedings, January 12-16, 2014, Washington D.C.

Edwards, H. 2013. Rail Revolution or Carbon Creator? Assessing the potential for high speed rail to replace domestic flights worldwide. World Resources Forum, September 7-9 2013, Davos, Switzerland.

Greg Marsden, Peter Atkinson, Julian Burkinshaw, Holly Edwards, Ian Jones, Karen Lucas, Giulio Mattioli, Janine Morley, Kate Palmer, Louise Reardon, Zia Wadud, Tony Whiteing, Magda Cepeda. 2015. World is Changing, Does Transport Follow? New Trends in Transport Demand and Related Impact on Transport Systems and Patterns. Report to European Parliament Committee on Transport and Tourism Contract IP/B/TRANÍC/2015-052

Edwards, H. Dixon-Hardy. D., Wadud, Z. 2014. Cost Index and Carbon Reductions in Aviation. Applied Energy (Accepted with revisions)

Holly Edwards,
Clare Linton
and Richard Riley

Edwards, H., Linton, C., Riley, R., Smith, C., Tate, J. 2012. Emission trends in the UK passenger car fleet: a policy perspective, TAP-2012, 26-27 November 2012, Thessaloniki, Greece.
Harriet Fletcher Fletcher, H.R., Biller, P., Ross, A.B. and Adams, J.M.M, (In Review), The Seasonal Variation of Fucoidan within three Species of Brown Macroalgae, Algal Research

Fletcher, H.R., Biller, P., Ross, A.B., Bogaerts,D., Winters, A.L and Adams, J.M.M., (In Review), The Seasonal Variation in Chemical Content of 1 Prevalent Fucoids Common to the UK, The Journal of Applied Phychology

Fletcher, H.R., Ross, A.B., Biller, P., (2016), The seasonal variation of fucoidan from 3 species of brown macroalgae, International Seaweed Symposium 2016, 19-24 June, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Fletcher, H.R., Ross, A.B., Biller, P., (2016), The Seasonal Variation of Fucoidan from 3 Species of Brown Macroalgae, European Biomass Conference and Expedition (EUBCE), 6-9 June, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Fletcher, H., Hou, X., Bjerre, A. and Ross, A., (2014), The Extraction and Quantification of Fucoidan from Brown Macroalgae, Nordic Seaweed Conference, 7-8 October, Aarhus, Denmark.

Fletcher, H.R., Ross, A.B., Biller, P, (2014), Hydrothermal Microwave Extraction of High Value Chemicals from Brown Macroalgae, Algal Biomass, Biofuels and Bioproducts (AlgalBBB), 16-19 June, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA.

Jannik Giesekam

Wiedmann, T., Crawford, R., Seo, S. and Giesekam, J. (2013) The Industrial Ecology Virtual Laboratory and its application to sustainability and environmental engineering - the case of low carbon living. Sustainable Engineering Society (SEng) 2013 Conference 18-20 September 2013 National Convention Centre, ACT, Australia.

Giesekam J, Barrett J, Taylor P (2016)Scenario analysis of embodied greenhouse gas emissions in UK construction, Proceedings of the ICE - Engineering Sustainability
Available open access here

Construction sector views on low carbon building materials. Building Research & Information [online], 2015, pp.1–23. Available from:

Available open access: here

The greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation options for materials used in UK construction, Energy and Buildings, Volume 78, August 2014, Pages 202-214

James Gooding Gooding J., Tomlin A.S., Crook R. (2015) ‘Modelling of roof geometries from low-resolution LiDAR data for city-scale solar energy applications using a neighbouring buildings method’, Applied Energy, 148, Pages 93–104, DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.03.013

Gooding J. 2015 ‘Solar Resource Estimation using an Integrated Radiance Model with LiDAR Defined Geometries and Shading’, PV SAT 11, April 2015, University of Leeds

  1. James Gooding,
  2. Holly Edwards
  3. and Jannik Giesekam
  1. James Gooding,
  2. Holly Edwards,
  3. Jannik Giesekam
    and Philippa Hardy
Edwards H, Giesekam J, Gooding J, Hardy P, Crook R (2012) Solar City Indicator: A methodology and ranking of the potential for PV in UK cities, 8th Photovoltaic Science, Applications and Technology Conference Proceedings, Published by the Solar Energy Society.
Philippa Hardy
Awareness and Perception of PV Technology, Incentives, and Adoption Barriers in India (In Press)
  1. Philippa Hardy,
  2. Gillian Harrison
  3. and Hannah James
The influence of Traffic Conditions on Primary NO2 Tailpipe Emissions and Road-Side Pollutant Concentrations, TAP18, Dübendorf, Switzerland
Gillian Harrison

Thomopolous, N & G. Harrison. In Print. An ethical assessment of low carbon vehicles using Cost-Benefit Analysis. International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management.

Harrison, G & Shepherd, S. 2013. An interdisciplinary study to explore impacts from policies for the introduction of low carbon vehicles. Journal of Transportation Planning and Technology. 37 (1), pp.98-117. DOI:10.1080/03081060.2013.844904

Shepherd, S., Bonsall, P. & Harrison, G. 2012. Factors affecting future demand for electric vehicles: A model based study. Transport Policy. 20 (March 2012), pp.62-74. DOI:10.1016/j.tranpol.2011.12.006.

David Jacques

Co-benefits analysis on climate change and environmental effects of wind-power: A case study from Xinjiang, China

Inter-provincial clean development mechanism in China: A case study of the solar PV sector (In Press)

David Jacques,
James Gooding,
Jannik Giesekam,
Rolf Crook
and Alison Tomlin

  1. Hannah James

Energy in low carbon cities and social learning: A process for defining priority research questions with UK stakeholders

Microgeneration in new homes: transition opportunity or transitory non-starter? International Sustainability Transitions, 2012, Copenhagen, Denmark

Solar Radiation Management - the Governance of Research

Two Royal Society reports: People and the Planet (2012) and Solar Radiation Management: the Governance of Research (2011) (Acknowledged)

Ross Jarrett

Hadavi, S. A., Li, H., Przybyla, G., Jarrett, R., & Andrews, G. (2012). Comparison of gaseous emissions for B100 and diesel fuels for real world urban and extra urban driving. SAE International Journal of Fuels and Lubricants, 5(2012-01-1674), 1132-1154.

Jarrett, R., Kanda, H., Harano, N., Noguchi, T., Crook, R., & Ito, S. (2015). Evidence of plasmonic effects in random orientation silver nanowire meshes on silicon. Solar Energy, 116, 257-264.

Jarrett, R., & Crook, R. (2015). Silver nanowire purification and separation by size and shape using multi-pass filtration. Materials Research Innovations, 1433075X15Y-0000000016.

Zarashpe Kapadia Kapadia, Z. Z., Spracklen, D. V., Arnold, S. R., Borman, D. J., Mann, G. W., Pringle, K. J., Monks, S. A., Reddington, C. L., Benduhn, F., Rap, A., Scott, C. E., Butt, E. W., and Yoshioka, M.: Impacts of aviation fuel sulfur content on climate and human health, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 15, 18921-18961, doi:10.5194/acpd-15-18921-2015, 2015.
Clare Linton C. Linton, S. Grant-Muller, W. Gale, Approaches and Techniques for Modelling CO2 Emissions from Road Transport, Transport Reviews, Volume 35, Issue 4, Taylor & Francis Online, 2015, pages 533-553.

C. Linton, S. Grant-Muller, W. Gale, The Effective Use Of Excess Capacity For Low Carbon Urban Transport Futures, WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, The Sustainable City IX (2 Volume Set), 2014.

Paula Mcnamee

McNamee, P., Adams, P.W.R., McManus, M.C., Dooley, B., Darvell, L.I., Williams, A. & Jones, J.M. (2016) An assessment of the torrefaction of North American pine and life cycle greenhouse gas emissions. Energy Conversion and Management, 113, 177-188

P. McNamee, et al., The combustion characteristics of high-heating-rate chars from untreated and torrefied biomass fuels, Biomass and Bioenergy (2015)

Eddy Mitchell Jones, J. M., Saddawi, A., Dooley, B., Mitchell, E. J. S., Werner, J., Waldron, D. J., Weatherstone, S. & Williams, A. (2015). Low temperature ignition of biomass. Fuel Processing Technology, 134, 372-377.

E. W. Butt, A. Rap, A. Schmidt, C.E. Scott, K.J. Pringle, C.L. Reddington, N.A.D. Richards, M.T. Woodhouse, J. Ramirez-Villegas, H. Yang, V. Vakkari, E.A. Stone, M. Rupakheti, P.S. Praveen, P. Beukes, M. Josipovic, P. Van Zyl, E.J.S. Mitchell, S. Sallu, P.M. Forster, and D.V. Spracklen. (2015) The impact of emissions from residential combustion on atmospheric aerosol, human health and climate. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 873-905.

E.J.S. Mitchell., A. Williams, A.R. Lea-Langton, J.M. Jones., R. Johnson, P. Layden. (2015). The Impact of Fuel Properties on the Emissions from the Combustion of Biomass and other Solid Fuels in a Fixed Bed Domestic Stove. Fuel Processing Technology 142, 115-123.

D. Phillips, E.J.S. Mitchell, K. Parmar, A. R. Lea-Langton, A. Williams. (2016). The use of conservation biomass feedstocks as potential bioenergy resources in the United Kingdom. Bioresource Technology, 212, 271-279.

F.A. Atiku, E.J.S. Mitchell, A.R. Lea-Langton, J.M. Jones, A. Williams, K.D. Bartle. (2016). The Impact of Fuel Properties on the Composition of Soot Produced by the Combustion of Residential Solid Fuels in a Domestic Stove. Fuel Processing Technology, 151, 117-125.

B. Gudka, J.M. Jones, A.R. Lea-Langton, A. Williams, G. Stammers, E.J.S. Mitchell, G. Finnerty. J. Oladipo and J. Gane. Studies into the Kinetics of Washing Biomass. Bioresource Technology [in prep]

E.J.S. Mitchell, G. Coulson, E. Butt, P.M. Forster, J M. Jones, A.R. Lea-Langton, A. Williams. Heating with Biomass in the UK: Lessons from New Zealand. Atmospheric Environment [in prep]

G. Coulson, I. Longley., E. Somervell, G. Olivares, S. Gray, E.J.S. Mitchell. (2016). Ten years of woodburner research in New Zealand: A review. Air Quality and Climate Change [in prep]

E.J.S. Mitchell, G. Coulson, E.W. Butt, P.M. Forster, J.M. Jones, A. Williams, Heating with Biomass in the United Kingdom: Lessons from New Zealand, Atmospheric Environment, Volume 152, March 2017, Pages 431–454

Douglas Phillips D. Phillips, E.J.S. Mitchell, K. Parmar, A. R. Lea-Langton, A. Williams. (2016). The use of conservation biomass feedstocks as potential bioenergy resources in the United Kingdom. Bioresource Technology, 212, 271-279.
Sam Pickard

S.C. Pickard, S.S. Daood, M. Pourkashanian, W. Nimmo, Co-firing coal with biomass in oxygen- and carbon dioxide-enriched atmospheres for CCS applications, Fuel, Volume 137, 1 December 2014, Pages 185-192, ISSN 0016-2361,

S. Pickard, S.S. Daood, M. Pourkashanian, W. Nimmo, Reactivity during bench-scale combustion of biomass fuels for carbon capture and storage applications, Fuel, Volume 134, 15 October 2014, Pages 171-179, ISSN 0016-2361,

S. Pickard, S.S. Daood, W. Nimmo, R. Lord, M. Pourkashanian, Bio-CCS: Co-firing of Established Greenfield and Novel, Brownfield Biomass Resources under Air, Oxygen-enriched Air and Oxy-fuel Conditions, Energy Procedia, Volume 37, 2013, Pages 6062-6069, ISSN 1876-6102,

S. Pickard, T.J. Foxon, The State of Development of the UK CCS Industry: An Expert Questionnaire and Systems-based Approach, Energy Procedia, Volume 37, 2013, Pages 7613-7621, ISSN 1876-6102,

Robust Extension of the Coats–Redfern Technique: Reviewing Rapid and Realiable Reactivity Analysis of Complex Fuels Decomposing in Inert and Oxidizing Thermogravimetric Analysis Atmospheres, S. Pickard, S. S. Daood, M. Pourkashanian, and W. Nimmo, Energy & Fuels 2013 27 (5), 2818-2826
DOI: 10.1021/ef400477u

Aidan Smith and

Robert Bloom

SMITH, A, R BLOOM, P T WILLIAMS. 2014. Production of hydrogen and high value carbon nanotubes though pyrolysis-reforming of waste plastics using Ni-Mn-Al2O3 catalysts. Journal of applied analytical pyrolysis. (In Press)
Christopher Smith
Chris Smith, Piers Forster, Rolf Crook: Global analysis of photovoltaic energy output enhanced by phase change material cooling, Applied Energy 126 (2014) 21-28
Morgan Tatchell-Evans Morgan Tatchell-Evans, Nik Kapur, Jonathan Summers, Harvey Thompson, Dan Oldham, An experimental and theoretical investigation of the extent of bypass air within data centres employing aisle containment, and its impact on power consumption, Science Direct (2016)
Philippa Usher

Usher, P., Lea-Langton, A., Camargo-Valero, M. A., Gale, W. F., & Ross, A. (2014). Integrating microalgae into the Brazilian program for biodiesel production and use. Biofuels, 5(1), 45–52

Usher, P. K., Ross, A. B., Camargo-Valero, M. A., Tomlin, A. S., & Gale, W. F. (2014). An Overview of the Potential Environmental Impacts of Large Scale Microalgae Cultivation. Biofuels 5(3) 331-349

Shemaiah Weekes

SM Weekes, AS Tomlin, SB Vosper, AK Skea, ML Gallani, JJ Standen, Long-term wind resource assessment for small and medium-scale turbines using operational forecast data and measure–correlate–predict, Renewable Energy 81, 760-769

SM Weekes, AS Tomlin, Comparison between the bivariate Weibull probability approach and linear regression for assessment of the long-term wind energy resource using MCP, Renewable Energy 68, 529-539

SM Weekes, AS Tomlin, Low-cost wind resource assessment for small-scale turbine installations using site pre-screening and short-term wind measurements, IET Renewable Power Generation 8 (4), 348-358

SM Weekes, AS Tomlin, Data efficient measure-correlate-predict approaches to wind resource assessment for small-scale wind energy, Renewable Energy 63, 162-171

SM Weekes, AS Tomlin, Evaluation of a semi-empirical model for predicting the wind energy resource relevant to small-scale wind turbines, Renewable energy 50, 280-288

SM Weekes, AS Tomlin, Comparison of low-cost wind resource assessment tools for small-scale wind energy installations, Proceedings of EWEA Annual Conference 6, 7

Jayne Windeatt
Characteristics of biochars from crop residues: potential for carbon sequestration and soil amendment, Journal of Environmental Management (In Press)

Jayne Windeatt,
Philippa Usher and
Gemma Brady

David Wyatt
WYATT, D.W., H. LI & J.E. TATE 2014, The impact of road grade on carbon dioxide (CO2) emission of a passenger vehicle in real-world driving, Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Volume 32, October 2014, Pages 160-170, ISSN 1361-9209